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Mesothelioma is one of the infrequent forms of cancer that is frequently caused by asbestos exposure. The disease typically affects the mesothelium tissues.
Mesothelioma affects the cells lining the mesothelial walls of the abdomen and the chest. Mesothelioma first attacks the pericardial tissues, pleural wall, and the peritoneal wall.
Sometimes, medical specialists have isolated the tumor from the stomach tissues, but this is an infrequent case. Mesothelioma may also attack the ovaries and scrotum.
Mesothelioma mainly attacks the pleural wall or the esophagus during its second stage. This tumor also have a long incubation time, generally 15-40 years. Smoking does not contribute to the mesothelioma, as is when it comes to lung cancer.
The commonest symptoms of the mesothelial tumor is an accumulation of the fluid between the lining that line lungs and the chest cavity. Other symptoms include pain in the abdomen, ascites-abnormal fluid build-up in the and mass formation in the abdomen, problems with bowel functions as well as rapid weight loss or otherwise called cachexia.
Symptoms such as pain when eating food, swelling on the neck and the face show that the disease has spread.
Symptoms of the pleural mesothelioma are: persistent pain in the chest, severe difficulty when breathing, accumulation of the fluid in pleural lining, persistent cough, weight loss, and fever are the most common symptoms. Severe pain and struggling when breathing is as a result of pleural effusions.
Conversely, symptoms related to the peritoneal mesothelioma are weight loss, pain in the abdomen as well as abdominal mass due to the accumulation of the fluids.
Early detection and subsequent treatment are fundamental when it comes to this kind of cancer, and almost all other types of cancer. This critical because it ensures the greater potential of complete recovery by use of standard therapies.
Diagnosis starts with a review of the patient’s medical history, including probes that enable physicians to tell if he or she has ever been exposed to asbestos and asbestos products. Nonetheless, the eventual diagnosis of this sort of disease relies on the pathological review, frequently called a biopsy.
With that said, diagnosing and treating mesothelioma can be challenging and expensive as well because this may require skilled pathologist or oncologist.
If it proves difficult confirming the disease using the fluid samples obtained; the medical specialist will resort to a surgical procedure referred to as thoracoscopy that is quite invasive.
The diagnosis may be suspected with chest X-ray and CT scan, but the final diagnosis is confirmed by a pathological examination of a biopsy.
Mesothelial tumor is a deadly disease that is very uncommon, but for the last few years, many people have suffered and died of it.